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Soil and Climate Keoladeo National Park

The total area of the park is 29 sq. km. It is almost flat with a central depression of about 8.5 sq. km. and is the main submerged area of the park. Much of the area is bushy but it also contains semi arid woodland and scrub. It lies 370 meters above sea level.It is separated from the surrounding villages and agricultural fields by a boundary wall. The soil is alluvial and at many places the saline patches can be seen. In fact Bharatpur was salt producing town and the salt production was banned in 1885 A.D. through a pact between Bharatpur State and the British Government.

Premansoon season is hot and dry with as low as 30% humidity. The mansoon sets in the end of June and extends upto September when the Relative Humidity (R.H.) ranges between 70-75%. The winters last from November to February. The Maximum temperature in summers ranges between 40-46° C and in winters around 29° C and the minimum temperature 21-23° C and 3-5° C in summer and winters respectively. The average rainfall received in Bharatpur is approximately 495 mm but the drought has become very frequent now a days.The overall climate is sub-humid to semi-arid.